PATTERNS OF SOIL FORMATION AND DISTRIBUTION IN ARID MOUNTAINS OF THE PAMIR
Abstract. Some new scientific concepts about the genesis of soils in arid mountains of dry subtropical zone of Pamir were established. It was revealed that the main soil-forming processes, under influence of which developed all the soils of the Pamir are humus accumulation, argilization and leaching under the leadership of the humus-accumulative process. It was showed the leading role of humidity and duration of the biologically active period in the formation of plant landscapes and soil types in all vertical zones as well as the important role of thermal regime in the soil formation of cold and very cold thermal zones that differ by fulvate composition of humus and reddish color profile. (TNR 11, Italic)RO Cernoziomurile Est Europene
ENG Eastern European Chernozems
RU Восточно-европейские черноземы
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